Deinstitutionalization and Community-Based Support
In many countries, Persons with Disabilities have been confined to long-term residential facilities with the idea that segregating them is the best way to provide care. However, these institutions discourage individuality and limit the sense of control that Persons with Disabilities have over their lives.
Deinstitutionalization is the gradual movement of residents to community-based housing, coupled with support services that offer personalized assistance and promote inclusion in the community. This fulfills the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities principle of “living independently and being included in the community.”
Deinstitutionalization is not an easy process and requires high quality data collection to make sure that the persons being relocated are properly included in their new communities. Without adequate data collection, it is too easy for them to go unaccounted for, which can potentially lead to tragic outcomes.